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Mahima | Current affairs
1/15/2024, 5:30:00 AM
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The significance of Pran Pratishtha in Indian Vedic rituals have significant meaning and are found in ancient Indian scriptures such as Vedas and Puranas. Based on what is mentioned in this scripture, any marble/stone/metal idol, whether in a temple or residence/office, must go through Pran Pratishtha Puja before being allowed to worship that deity, otherwise the idol is only stone/marble/metal considered an idol.
The word Pratishta means sanctify or consecrate and Pran literally means breath or life-giving power and in the meaning of Pran Pratishtha the idol of the god it means the energy of the god. So Pran Pratishtha, murti sthapana mantra etc. means pouring energy/soul into all the marble/stone/metal of the god through the ceremony of reciting a special Sanskrit mantra. A priest performing Pran Pratishtha vidhi is believed to transfer pranic energy to the deity to give life. In Hindu temples, the pandits first perform the Pran Pratishtha ceremony, followed by worship by the devotees.
These rituals usually involve puja, chanting of mantras in Sanskrit, bathing, and consecration of idols of gods and goddesses. Pandits (priests) in the temple wash the feet of the god who has come after a long journey (like an honored guest). After that, they put on their shoes and sit in a comfortable place. They pointed their feet towards the east. Then the priests, the hands of the god Indra, the eyes of Surya, etc. They touch different parts of the idol, which means there are different sense organs. The main part of the dresser is the opening of the divine eye with perfumed water and flowers. After that, the consecration of the idol was completed.
This details the procedure that the Purohit must follow before consecrating the deity and using divine and spiritual elements.
During this ritual, mantras from our scriptures like Vedas and Agamas are chanted gradually filling the Murti with pious prayers and shuddhi. Only after the successful completion of all preparatory ceremonies, the Murti become fully entitled to receive Pran Pratishta.
Ignoring the murtis post-consecration is considered contemptible in Hindu Dharma. Proper rituals and practices must be followed to maintain the mustache properly. The gods who are not involved express their pride and may even demand divine punishment. For example, non-observance of rituals for deities like Bhairav and Goddess Kali can anger them.
According to the scriptures of Hinduism, the face of the murti in the temple or house must always face east. The East is believed to have positive energy and faces pointing in this direction are believed to receive divine blessings. Strategic placement of murtis is considered as a way to harness positive energy and align with cosmic energy.
Pran Pratishtha is a ritual that transforms an idol from an idol into a living image of a deity. It is believed that God descends on the idol and is there. Murti then becomes a means for devotees to communicate with the gods and seek blessings.
Pran Pratishtha also marks the recognition of the divine image as "a divine unity, not as a separate entity in human form, but as a formless, indescribable omnipresence". Pran Pratishtha is an important part of the opening ceremony of a new temple or mandir. It is also performed when the murti is damaged or replaced. Pran Pratishtha is considered a very auspicious and sacred event that attracts many devotees and pilgrims.
Prana pratistha is an Indian theological term for the ritual of invoking a deity to dwell in a murti or symbol of the deity. According to Gavin Flood, "It evokes the icon in the holy temple, representing the mind or power of God." Before Pran Pratishtha, every idol is like any other decorative idol, and through Pran Pratishtha special powers are given to transform idols into deities. Pran Pratistha, which is an integral part of the installation of idols in the temple, is considered the most important moment of instilling life force into the deity and making the idol worthy of worship.